Pregnancy is by far one of the most important experiences in the life of a woman and at the same time, one which most alters her physiology and anatomy. This experience radically changes perspectives and perceptions regarding the woman herself and the world that surrounds her. On another level, orthodontics, as well as improving mouth functionality, significantly improves your self-image, and is a priori a treatment that can be carried out during pregnancy.
The incidence of pregnant induced Hypertension (PIH) in Europe and the United States accounted for about 6%-10% of pregnant women. The prevalence of chronic hypertension and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy continues to increase. It is recorded that the incidence of preeclampsia was increased by 25% in the USA during the past two decades . Epidemiological survey found that the incidence of peoplein China is similar to that of 5.6%-9.4% in pregnant women. After two child policy in China, the incidence is increased since the elderly pregnant women increased. About 10%-25% develop into preeclampsia in women with chronic hypertension.
Trauma in pregnancy contributes 6% to 8% of all pregnancies and is the leading cause of nonobstetric maternal death. Injuries may be subdivided according to type and include blunt trauma, penetrating trauma, fractures, and thermal injuries. Poor fetal outcome is shown by maternal hypotension and acidosis (hypoxia, lowered pH, lowered bicarbonate) and a fetal heart rate of less than 110 beats/min. Poor socioeconomic conditions, inability to support families on a single income, and desire to pursue careers, have placed more women outside the home and at greater risk to undergo trauma.
The transfusion of blood and components has become an integral part of patient management in modern medicine. As a result, the blood transfusion services play an important role and are responsible for ensuring sufficient quality and safe blood supply. Blood transfusion support is vital to the management of patients with hematologic disorders and malignancies. Many such patients require blood transfusion during their illness or may be lifetime.
1. Dr. Martin Amogre Ayanore
2. Dr. Giedre Sirvinskiene