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Malaria was and is a major scourge in India contributing to more than three-fourths of the total cases in the South-East Asian Region (SEAR). Malaria is largely influenced by the local environmental conditions but can be kept in check if the operational implementation of the National Antimalaria Program (NAMP) is effective. Keeping in mind the context of the situation in Gujarat, there was an urgent need to carry out a study to assess the operational aspects of the ongoing malaria control program.
Background: Malaria is a major public health problem in our country affecting all spheres of human life, with Plasmodium falciparum mortality being high. The outbreak proportions are quite alarming in urban areas, although the Urban Malaria Scheme was launched in 1971 to focus on Urban Malaria.
Methodology: A Qualitative study was devised to get an in-depth understanding of the overall functioning of the Urban Malaria Scheme run by Vadodara Mahanagar Seva Sadan using Qualitative semi-structured study instruments over a period of 8 months from November 2008 to June 2009. The study was conducted in 12 ward areas of the city. To get first hand information on overall malaria control activities in the city, Focus group discussions were conducted with malaria inspectors, suervision and field workers, while in-depth interviews were conducted with the medical officer-health, biologist, insect collector and local representation through one community leader from each ward. Data entry was done using Weft QDA software and emerging themes were analyzed using group codes.
Background: Improving the efficiency of the Malaria control program can help combat malaria in urban areas, which still remains a major public health problem in India, affecting all spheres of human life.
Methodology: Assessment of the overall functioning of Urban Malaria Scheme run by Municipal Corporation (MC) in a district of Central Gujarat, India, was carried out over 8 months (November 2011 to June 2012) using a semi-structured instrument by observation, inspection, record review of blood smear examination and target examination rates and interviews of laboratory technicians (LT) and pharmacists. Two slide-positive individuals from each clinic and one community leader from each ward was interviewed regarding the functioning of malaria clinics.